Striving for Unity — 1 Corinthians Overview: A Prominent City

By Jenny Fulton

A Prominent City: Study from 1 Corinthians Commentaries and 1 Corinthians Overview


It’s important to view Paul’s letter as a whole – to see it not as a random collection of thoughts, but as a very detailed, well-thought out, very intentional letter to a specific group of people at a very specific time addressing some very specific issues. I also thing we should treat it like any other book we would pick up. There is a setting, characters, conflict, and structure we need to identify to better understand what  is being communicated.

Because “there is nothing new under the sun” (Ecclesiastes 1:9, NASB), we can be sure going into this study that many of the conflicts then are still present now. Therefore, the heart of Paul’s advice and God’s Words – His encouragement and admonitions – to the people then are also beneficial and applicable to God’s people now.  

In order to obtain the background information not provided in the letter itself, I sought out commentaries. I wanted to know more about the city of Corinth. Where was it? What was it known for? What was its culture?

Some of the materials I used were the NIV Archaeological Study Bible, the NIV Study Bible, and various resources available on LOGOS Bible Software.

This is a summary of my findings.

Background Information

Where: The city of Corinth was located in the southwest corner of Greece on the isthmus between the Greek mainland and the Peloponnese. This location, with its two harbors, made it a vastly important center of trade.

Who: People of all nations would pass through the city.

What: For this reason, Corinth become known for its cultural diversity, commerce, and wealth. It also carried status as an administrative center for the Romans. Although Corinth was apparently deemed one of the most beautiful cities of its day, it was also known for its immorality, abundance of pagan temples, and hundreds of pagan temple prostitutes.

Into this city came Paul, called by God to preach the Gospel. When you think about the culture of this place, it makes God’s word in Acts 18:9-10 that much more astounding. “And the Lord said to Paul in the night by a vision, “Do not be afraid any longer, but go on speaking and do not be silent; for I am with you, and no man will attack you in order to harm you, for I have many people in this city.”

The Point: God was present, and His people were present in the midst of a culture that was saturated with sexual immorality. God’s people were there before Paul arrived, but lacked leadership and guidance.

Take-Away: God’s people are still found in the midst of ungodly cultures. Society and culture don’t dictate the state of a person’s heart. Instead, every person has the same choice: respond to God and follow Him, or deny and reject Him.

The Letter as a Whole

Before diving into the specifics of each chapter, I wanted to have a good overall perspective of the book as a whole. So, I read through the entire book a couple of times in different translations and listened to an audio version. This is what stood out to me.

Observation: In reading 1 Corinthians, I heard God’s heart crying out for a church that was being painfully torn apart. They had been given everything but weren’t united in their love for each other. While Paul affirms their spirituality in Chapter 1, he later refers to them as spiritual infants.

Take-Away: Abundance does not equate to spiritual maturity.

Take-Away: God desires for His people to be united in their love for Him and for each other.

Observation: Paul begins his letter by addressing the conflicts he has heard about and provides some general principles and lessons he longs for the church to grasp. He makes a big point of distinguishing between the wisdom of the world and God’s wisdom.

Take-Away: There are two types of wisdom: God’s wisdom and the world’s wisdom. Following one doesn’t necessarily mean we are following the other.

Observation: Part way into his letter, Paul seems to transition from sharing the message on his heart to addressing various issues which have been brought to his attention. He uses the phrase, “Now concerning the things about which you wrote…” This seems to indicate that he is speaking to and answering some very specific questions regarding the practices and concerns of the day. Do these sections have any relevance to us? Yes! But we’ll get more into that later. One thing that seems clear in my reading overview is that, not unlike many of us today, the people in the church at Corinth wanted to be right. They wanted to know, “Is this the right way to live as a Christian and worship God or is this the right way?”

In this city of wealth and prominence, it also seems that a worldly rivalry for higher status and prominence had made its way into the church. This is another area of weakness I can see in some churches today.

Although this was only an overview and not an in-depth look, it’s evident this book has much to teach us about living and being united as Christians in the midst of a wealthy, immoral, and culturally/economically/religiously diverse environment. 

What Do You Think?

Have you ever read the entire book of 1 Corinthians in one sitting?

If so, what stands out to you the most about Paul’s letter?

In this Series


The Church in Acts 18

Overview: A Prominent City

Chapter 1: Where Unity Begins

Chapter 2: In Demonstration of the Spirit

Chapter 3: “Let No One Boast in Men”

Chapter 4: Traits of a Godly Servant Leader

Chapter 5: Addressing Immorality in the Church

Chapter 6: Concerning Lawsuits and the Body

Chapter 7: Married or Single?

Chapter 8: Disagreements, Freedom, and Stumbling

Chapter 9: Equally Allowable Differences

Chapter 10: Take Heed How You Live

Chapter 11: Headship, Coverings, and the Lord’s Supper

Chapter 12: Spiritual Gifts

Chapter 13: Love Is…

Chapter 14: Edification and Order in the Church

Chapter 15: All About the Gospel

Chapter 16: Paul’s Closing Thoughts

1 Corinthians Bible Study

For the last few months, the book of 1 Corinthians has weighed heavy upon my heart. In May, I joined a women’s online fellowship site,, and decided to lead a Bible study on this book. These musings are a summary of my findings and the relevance/application I see surrounding us today. If you’re a woman and would like to participate in the study, head on over to and join the 1 Corinthians Bible Study group where you’ll find study guides to follow and discussion threads to participate in. 


  1. Wonderful, timely post! I’ve spent a lot of time lately thinking about the state of sin our country is in. As I read your post, I was reminded that this is “nothing new under the sun” as some would say. Also, I am again reminded that God is not surprised by any of and am encouraged to keep speaking truth in a world that doesn’t want to hear it. ❤️

    Liked by 1 person

    • Yes, it feels so overwhelming when you see the news and so many of the posts on social media! But then you look at God and remember that none of this is a surprise to Him. Definitely hard to speak truth when you know there are those who don’t want to hear it.


  2. Love this! What a practical guide to 1 Corinthians. I really appreciate the research you put into this so that you were able to give background information and I loved the clear take-aways. Really great job. This was a wonderful way to reflect on scripture for me today!


  3. It’s interesting that you mention a lack of love, since they seem like deeply emotional people in their behavior. I guess that’s why the love chapter is there. And yes, they were immature. Their wealth didn’t reach everyone, though, because some at the feast went hungry and had no wine while others ate a lot and were drunk, meaning they didn’t have compassion for the other believers who didn’t have as much…

    Liked by 1 person

    • No, their wealth didn’t reach everyone. The city was wealthy, but not everyone with the church was. It was, in fact, a very diverse group. Acts 18 gives a picture of the various demographics present within the church. This included servants, as they would have been part of those who believed in the Lord under Crispus’ household.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s